17 Jan Ways to Treat Gum Disease
Treating Periodontal Disease:
Effective prevention and treatment of periodontal disease involves a multipronged approach.
- Effective regular plaque removal by the patient on a daily basis. This is absolutely crucial for prevention of gum disease and the success of the treatment. If plaque bacteria are not prevented from re-entering the pockets the disease process will persist.
- Removal of risk factors as far as possible. This may involve changes in lifestyle. Smoking cessation, eating a healthy diet, reducing stress and a regular sleep pattern are advised. A diet high in berries and leafy green vegetables and low in processed food and sugars is important. Vitamin C is an important vitamin in the production of collagen which is the major component of the periodontal ligament and bone that form the supporting tissues of the teeth. Berries and leafy greens are high in Vitamin C. Vitamin D is also important because it supports the bone and immune system. We can get Vitamin D from sunlight, but during the winter months this is limited, so dietary supplementation of Vitamin D is advisable at this time.
- Nonsurgical root surface debridement. This involves removal of deposits of diseased inflammatory tissue, bacterial plaque and calculus from the root surfaces. This is often carried out under local anaesthesia.
- Laser treatment. Laser treatment can be very useful to treat pockets that have not responded to conventional treatment, particularly where there is angular bone loss because Laser has a potential to stimulate regeneration of the periodontal ligament and bone.
- Surgical treatment of gum disease. Occasionally, surgical treatment may be indicated. Modern techniques involve placing bone grafts and using platelet rich factors to regenerate bone. This will be discussed in more detail as appropriate.
What to expect following periodontal treatment:
- You may experience some discomfort after treatment, so it may be advisable to take painkillers 30 minutes before treatment and especially for the first 24 hours afterwards.
- It is advisable to refrain from smoking immediately after treatment as this can inhibit healing (for at least the first 24 hours).
- The aim of treatment is to reduce the pocket depths. As a result, some gum shrinkage and recession are to be expected which may result in more of the root surface becoming exposed and an increased chance of sensitivity. Sensitivity can be treated with laser or sensitive toothpaste.
- Significant mobility can compromise the results. Splinting where appropriate can help to stabilise the teeth and improve outcomes.
- The use of a fluoride toothpaste is recommended to aid in the prevention of root decay.
- You will receive specific advice on oral hygiene. It is very important to follow this advice closely.